(469) 485-2382 / Toll-Free (888) 509-5227 info@mcidiagnostics.com

Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

Test ID: 

703134

CPT code:

83520

Synonyms:

Tumor Necrosis Factor-α

Cachectin

Test Information:

Tumor necrosis factor-α (cachectin) and tumor necrosis factor-β (lymphotoxin) are two closely related proteins that share sequence homology of 34% in their amino acid sequence. Both mediators act on their target cells via the same receptors and, therefore, show similar, but not identical, biological effects. Under denaturing conditions TNF-α is a 17-kilodalton, nonglycosylated protein. The biologically active form of TNF-α is a trimer. Besides this soluble form of TNF-α, a 28-kilodalton membrane-bound form occurs on cell surfaces of TNF-producing cells, which may serve as a pool for soluble TNF-α and can be proteolytically cleaved from the cell surface.
Different cells are shown to produce TNF-α: For example, macrophages, CD4+ T cells and NK cells after stimulation with lipopolysaccharides. Additionally, smooth muscle cells, polymorphonuclear neutrophils, astrocytes and a variety of tumor cell lines can produce TNF-α. TNF-α acts via two distinct cell surface receptors, which are called TNF receptor I, and TNF receptor II. These receptors can be identified on virtually all cell types except erythrocytes. Besides the cell-bound forms of TNF receptors, soluble forms are known to be capable of TNF-α binding. They compete, therefore, with the cell-bound forms and can inhibit the effects of TNF-α.
Due to the occurrence of TNF-α receptors on nearly all cells, TNF-α demonstrates a wide variety of biological action. It has cytolytic and cytostatic effects on tumor cells and shows chemotactic activity on neutrophils. TNF-α is a growth factor for fibroblasts and stimulates the synthesis of collagenase and prostaglandin E2 bone resorption can be induced by TNF-α because it activates osteoclasts. TNF-α enhances the proliferation of T cells after stimulation with IL-2. In the absence of IL-2, TNF-α induces the proliferation and differentiation of β cells.
TNF-α serum or plasma levels may be elevated in sepsis, autoimmune diseases, various infectious diseases, and transplant rejection.

Specimen Type:

Serum, frozen

Requested Volume: 

1 mL

Minimum Volume: 

0.4 mL

Container Type: 

Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube

Collection:

Allow blood sample collected in serum separator tube to clot at room temperature for 30 minutes prior to centrifugation. Allowing samples to sit on the clot for more than 30 minutes may result in higher TNF-alpha levels.
Transfer the serum into a frozen purple tube with screw cap. Freeze immediately and maintain frozen until tested. To avoid delays in turnaround time when requesting multiple tests on frozen samples, please submit separate frozen specimens for each test requested

Storage Instructions:

Freeze.

Stability Requirements:

Temperature

Period

Frozen

9 days

Freeze/thaw cycles

Stable x2

Rejection Criteria

Nonfrozen specimen; nonserum specimen; gross lipemia; gross hemolysis

Return Back to Test Directory

MCI Diagnostic

Providing top patient care with fast results. 

Hours of Operation

Mon - Sat: 7 AM-11 PM

Sun: 7 AM-3 PM

COVID-19 Drive-Thru Hours

Mon-Fri: 9 AM-6 PM

Federal Holidays - CLOSED

More Information - Click Here

Government Contract

DUNS # 125722608

Cage Code: 3FPQ3

COVID-19

COVID-19 Fee & Pricing