Rotavirus, Direct Detection by Immunoassay
Detect rotavirus in stools of patients suspected of having viral gastroenteritis
Rotavirus is an extremely common cause of pediatric gastroenteritis. The illness is most common in winter, is highly contagious, involves five to eight days of diarrhea, and is rarely fatal.1 Patients should also be evaluated for possible bacterial gastroenteritis. Outbreaks are seen among children in daycare centers.
2 mL liquid stool or 1 g semiformed stool
Empty stool transport vial or screw-cap container, sterile no additives
Collect as soon as possible after onset of disease, preferably three to five days after onset. Collection from diapered children can be facilitated by using a disposable diaper “inside out” or by using a “Saran wrap” diaper to capture the next stool specimen.
Refrigerate at 2°C to 8°C immediately after collection.
Specimen received in grossly leaking transport container; dry specimen; specimen submitted in fixative or additive; bacterial swab specimen; diapers; unlabeled specimen or name discrepancy between specimen and request label; specimen transported at room temperature; other inappropriate specimen transport devices; specimen received after prolonged delay (usually more than 72 hours); specimen in transport media or preservative