Myasthenia Gravis Panel I

Test ID: 


CPT code:

83519 (x2)

Clinical Use:

Diagnose acquired myasthenia gravis.

Test Information:

Myasthenia gravis is an acquired disorder of neuromuscular transmission characterized by use-associated muscle weakness and fatigability. This condition frequently involves the extraocular muscles and has a strong association with tumor of the thymus (thymoma). The disease has a prevalence of approximately 5 per 100,000 individuals and can occur at any age. In women, the disease usually presents between the ages of 20 and 40 years, while disease onset in men typically occurs later in life.

Autoantibodies to postsynaptic acetylcholine receptors are detectable in the serum of 90% of patients with generalized myasthenia gravis and approximately 70% of patients with ocular myasthenia. These autoantibodies interfere with normal neuromuscular function, causing muscle weakness and fatigue. Antibody titers tend to be higher in females and a correlation between antibody titer and degree of muscle weakness has been observed in individual patients. Receptor antibody titers tend to rise several weeks before exacerbations in patients with established myasthenia gravis. Remission after thymectomy is associated with a progressive decline in antibody titers. Consequently, serial measurements of acetylcholine receptor antibodies can be useful in monitoring disease progression as well as the effects of treatment.

Myasthenia gravis is often associated with striational antibody. AChR binding antibodies can also be positive in uncomplicated thymoma, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, primary lung cancer, and in patients with autoimmune liver disease.

AChR blocking antibodies are observed in 52% of patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis. These autoantibodies interfere with normal neuromuscular function, causing muscle weakness and fatigue. Approximately 1% of individuals are positive for AChR blocking antibodies in the absence of AChR binding antibodies.

Specimen Type:


Requested Volume: 

2 mL

Minimum Volume: 

1 mL

Patient Preparation: 

No isotopes administered 24 hours prior to venipuncture.


If a red-top tube is used, transfer separated serum to a plastic transport tube.

Storage Instructions:


Stability Requirements:



Room temperature

13 days


13 days


13 days

Freeze/thaw cycles

Stable x3

Rejection Criteria:

Excessive hemolysis; chylous serum; recently administered isotopes; plasma specimen

Return Back to Test Directory

MCI Diagnostic

Providing top patient care with fast results. 

7018 South Utica Avenue

Tulsa, Oklahoma 74136

Hours of Operation

Mon – Sat: 7AM-11PM

Sun: 7AM-3PM

Government Contract

Mon – Sat: 7AM-11PM

Sun: 7AM-3PM


Mon – Sat: 7AM-11PM

Sun: 7AM-3PM

Thank you for uploading your files. Your upload has been submitted successfully.