Free Androgen Index (FAI)

Test ID: 

Free Androgen Index (FAI)

CPT code:

84403, 84270

Synonyms:

Testosterone:SHBG Ratio

Clinical Use:

The free androgen index can be used to estimate physiologically active testosterone.

Test Information:

In most men and women, >50% of total circulating testosterone is bound to sex hormone-binding globulin, SHBG, and most of the rest is bound to albumin. SHBG-bound testosterone is not readily available for intracellular complex formation because of SHBG’s high binding affinity for testosterone. Thus, testosterone-bound SHBG is considered to be biologically inactive. Albumin has a much lower binding affinity for testosterone but binds a significant portion of the total testosterone because albumin is present at much higher plasma concentrations than SHBG. The rapid dissociation of “weakly bound” testosterone from albumin, together with a relatively long transit time of albumin through target tissue capillary beds, result in the availability of essentially all albumin-bound testosterone for steroid-receptor interaction. The sum of the free- and albumin-bound testosterone is often referred to as bioavailable testosterone. The concentration of testosterone in the various free and bound forms is essentially a function of total testosterone concentration and the relative concentrations of SHBG and albumin. It can be predicted that increased SHBG will decrease the concentration of both free and bioavailable testosterone for a given total testosterone concentration. The free androgen index can be used to estimate physiologically active testosterone. This index is calculated as the ratio of total testosterone divided by SHBG (both expressed in the same units) and multiplied by 100 to yield numerical results comparable in free testosterone concentration

Specimen Type:

Serum

Requested Volume: 

1 mL

Minimum Volume: 

0.6 mL

Container Type: 

Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube

Collection:

If a red-top tube is used, transfer separated serum to a plastic transport tube.

Storage Instructions:

Room temperature

Rejection Criteria

Plasma specimen

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