Coxsackie A IgM Antibody

Test ID: 

705485

CPT code:

86658 (x4)

Synonyms:

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Coxsackie A Virus Antibody Profile, IgM

Clinical Use:

This assay uses indirect immunofluorescence to determine IgM titers to Coxsackie A serotypes A7, A9, A16, and A24. Recent infections of Coxsackie viruses are characterized by elevated titers of IgG and IgM.

Test Information:

Coxsackie viruses are enteroviruses belonging to the Picornavirus family, which is comprised of strains A and B as well as various serotypes A1-22, 24, and B1-6. Following incubation, a variety of well known diseases can manifest themselves within the host. Coxsackie A is commonly associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease, which primarily affects children younger than 10 years of age. In rare cases, Coxsackie infections may produce mild or subclinical symptoms, yet most infections trigger the onset of flu-like ailments but may include symptoms of other diseases along the lines of pneumonia, hepatitis, and meningitis.

Specimen Type:

Serum

Requested Volume: 

1 mL

Minimum Volume: 

0.5 mL

Container Type: 

Gel-barrier tube or red-top tube

Storage Instructions:

Room temperature

Stability Requirements:

Temperature

Period

Room temperature

14 days

Refrigerated

14 days

Frozen

14 days

Freeze/thaw cycles

Stable x3

Rejection Criteria

Microbially-contaminated or heat-treated specimen; specimen containing particulate matter; grossly hemolyzed, lipemic, or icteric samples

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