Chloride, Body Fluid

Test ID: 

702830

CPT code:

82438

Clinical Use:

Evaluate electrolyte composition of urine, acid-base balance studies. Distinguish whether or not a case of metabolic alkalosis is chloride-responsive (salt responsive). Sherman and Eisinger1,2 discuss bicarbonate excretion, blood volume, potassium depletion, and the differential diagnosis of metabolic alkalosis with loss of gastric juice (emesis, intubation) and after diuretics. Chloride depleted patients excrete urine with low chloride, <10 mmol/L. Such patients are chloride-responsive (ie, they respond to chloride sufficient to return body stores to normal). Metabolic alkalosis with low urine chloride is also found with villous tumors of the colon. Endogenous or exogenous corticosteroids produce urine chloride values >20 mmol/L. Such patients are chloride resistant. The finding of chloride resistant metabolic alkalosis may provide a stimulus to identify an ACTH or aldosterone producing neoplasm (eg, Cushing syndrome or Conn syndrome). In Bartter syndrome with metabolic alkalosis, there is usually increased urine chloride. The complex relationships of chronic pulmonary disease with metabolic alkalosis are mentioned by Sherman and Eisinger.

Specimen Type:

Urine (24-hour)

Requested Volume: 

10 mL aliquot of entire collection

Minimum Volume: 

0.5 mL aliquot

Container Type: 

Plastic urine container, no preservative

Collection:

For a 24-hour collection, instruct patient to void at 8 AM (or 8 PM), and discard the specimen. Then collect all the urine including the final specimen voided at the end of the 24-hour collection period (ie, 8 AM [or 8 PM] the following day). Container must be labeled with patient’s name and date and time collection started and finished.

Storage Instructions:

Room temperature

Stability Requirements:

Temperature                          Period
Room temperature               14 days
Refrigerated                           14 days
Frozen                                     14 days
Freeze/thaw cycles               Stable x3

Rejection Criteria

Improper labeling

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