Cadmium

Test ID: 

703576

CPT code:

82300

Clinical Use:

Monitor recent or acute exposure to cadmium

Additional Test Information:

Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3

Specimen Type:

Whole blood

Requested Volume: 

1 mL

Minimum Volume: 

0.6 mL

Container Type: 

Royal blue-top (EDTA) tube; submit original tube.

Collection:

Sampling time is not critical for industrial exposure monitoring. Metals with timing “not critical” have very long elimination half-lives and accumulate in the body over years, some for a lifetime. After a couple of weeks of exposure, specimens can be collected at any time.

Storage Instructions:

Room temperature.
Stability Requirements
Temperature Period
Room temperature 14 days
Refrigerated 14 days
Frozen 14 days
Freeze/thaw cycles Stable x3

Rejection Criteria

Clotted specimen

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